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How do I write a citation?

Last Updated: Mar 25, 2015  |  7047 Views

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sample image of part of a bibliographyBibliographic Citations 

Bibliographic citations are strings of data that identify a publication. There are numerous styles for formatting your citations.  Check with your instructor as to which one you should use. You will probably be required to assemble a list of citations into a bibliography.  This bibliography enables the reader of your paper to locate your source materials.

The main components of a bibliographic citation are the author's full name (usually last name first), the title of the work and the publication information which includes the place of publication, the publisher's name, and the date of publication.  Below are some links to some quick guides to making the most common types of citations for the two most common styles:

    If you need more information, need to find a format for an unusual item (such as public documents, legal documents, dissertations, unpublished sources, additional electronic sources), or should your instructor require another format, see the style manuals below or their online help sites. 

    Style Online Help

    book cover[ASCE Style]
    American Society of Civil Engineers: References

    Univ of Canterbury
    Univ of Melbourne

    [ACS Style]
    The ACS Style Guide : Effective Communication of Scientific Information. The American Chemical Society: Washington, 2006. Reference Collection QD8.5 .A25 2006 [ Where's this? ]   

    Also online:

    Murdoch Uniy

    ACS Style Guide

    book cover[Chicago Style]
    The Chicago Manual of Style. 16thed. The University of Chicago Press: Chicago, 2010   Reference Collection Z 253 U69 2010. [ Where's this? ] 
    Murdoch Univ

    book coverForm and Style, Research Papers, Reports, Theses. 13thed. Carol Slade. Houghton Mifflin: Boston, 2008 Reference Collection   LB 2369 C3 2008 Covers Chicago, MLA, APA.
    Where's this? ]

    Multiple styles website: 
    Ohio State  (APA, MLA Chicago, Turabian, CSE)

    book cover[IEEE Style]
    IEEE Editorial Style Manual
      (Free on the web)
    Murdoch Univ

    book cover[MLA Style]
    MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
    . 7th ed. Modern Language Association of America: New York, 2009 Reference Collection  LB 2369 G53 2009 [ Where's this? ]

    Purdue: OWL

    book cover

    A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses and Dissertations:
    Chicago Style for Students and  Researchers. 8hed.   KL Turabian. University of Chicago Press: Chicago, 2013 Reference Collection LB2369 .T8 2013  8th ed. [ Where's this? ]


    Ohio State

    book cover[APA Style]
    Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.
    6th ed. American Psychological Assn.: Washington, 2010 Reference Collection and Reserve BF 76.7 P83 2010  [ Where's This?  Reference Collection | Reserve ]

    Am Psy Assoc

    Purdue: Owl 

    book cover[CSE Style; Older versions are called CBE style]
    Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors and Publishers
    . 8th ed.   Council of Science Editors. Style Manual Committee : Chicago ; London : The University of Chicago Press, 2014   Reference Collection and Reserve T11 .S386 2014   [ Where's This? Reference Collection | Reserve ] 

    Ohio State



     * * * * * * * * * * * * *
    This site  can act as “starter” page where you can read and compare the different styles if you have not yet decided, with your adviser, which style guide to use. 

    * * * * * * * * * * * * * 

    Other tools such as Zotero and citation generators help you organize and cite bibliographic information.

     * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

    Some of our database products will format a citation for you - once you have performed a search, look around for a link that says "cite" or "cite this".  You can then copy and paste a formatted citation from your choice of formats. More 

    * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

    You can also use Microsoft Word to format citations.

    Answered by James S. KogaBookmark and Share

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